References Becoming In/visible


Asef Bayat, Life as Politics: How Ordinary People Change the Middle East (Amsterdam University Press, 2010)

Aleksei Borisionok, “Arresting Images, Arrested Bodies”. L’Internationale Online. Published 22 December 2020. Accessed 27 October 2023.

Vaclav Havel, The Power of the Powerless (1978)

Johanna Hedva, Sick Woman Theory (2020). Accessed 30 September 2023.

BBC News. “Kazakh detained over empty placard vigil”. BBC. Published 7 May 2019.
Accessed 27 October 2023.

Nicholas Kristof, Remembering a Massacre That China Keeps Trying to Erase, New York Times. Published June 7 2023.

Ewa Majewska, Feminist Antifascism. Counterpublics of the Common (Verso, 2021)

Christian Schneider, “Der Unsichtbare Dritte”. Eurozine. Published 19 April 2001.

Elske Rosenfeld, In/visible – Karl-Marx-Allee’s Return to Legibility in Art, published in a brochure for the project Treffpunkt: Karl-Marx-Allee (Meet-up at Karl-Marx-Allee). 2021.

Olia Sosnovskaya, Elske Rosenfeld, unpublished conversation, June 2023

Olia Sosnovskaya, Text (2020); text, digital collage

Olia Sosnovskaya, The Walk. On gestures, movements, and rhythms of the current resistance in Belarus, in: Danceolitics, Wolinska, Kasia (Ed.) (Uferstudios GmbH, 2021).

Vadim Zakharov, “Die russi­sche Kultur muss lernen zu schweigen”. Geschichten der Gegenwart, Gespräche. Geschrieben am 11. Juni 2023,

Documentary images and videos:

Sand covering people’s memorial for Aliaksandr Tarajkouski, protestor killed by the police on 10 August 2020. Pushkinskaya metro station. Minsk, Belarus.
Nasha Niva. 2.09.2020
@motolkohelp Telegram channel. 4.09.2020

Explosion during the protests in Minsk, Belarus. August 2020. (Copyright holder could not be found).

Protest action “The Art Of Regime”. 15.08.2020. Minsk, Belarus. Photograph: Lesia Pcholka. Screenshot from

TV channel “Belarus 1” on strike. Video. 17.08.2020. @belamova Telegram channel

BELCARD JSC, vehicle part producer, on strike. Video. Hrodna, Belarus. 2020. Nasha Niva Telegram channel

Protestors. Lida, Belarus. 2020. Image sent by participants to Radio Svaboda Telegram channel

Image of the teenager’s smartphone smashed during the protests. Baranovichi, Belarus. 12.08.2020. Photograph: Tatiana Malezh/Intex-Press. ““Who will be responsible for beating our children?!” Residents of Baranovichi met teenagers who were captured during street protests at the pre-trial detention center”

Image of the painted over white-red-white protest flag graffiti. Belarus. September 2020. Radio Svaboda

Anarchists at the protest march in Minsk, Belarus. 4.10.2020.

Protest graffiti inside the mine. Salihorsk, Belarus. 31.10.2020. (Copyright holder could not be found).

The worker of Belarusian Steel Works, Zhlobin, joined the general strike. 17.11.2020. Belsat.

Award ceremony for the best Minsk riot police. Press service of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. 24.11.2020.

Minsk riot policemen passed tests for the right to wear a black beret. Belarus Today. 13.11.2020

Solidarity action with detained anarchists by residents of Tractorny district in Minsk. 18.11.2020. Basta! Telegram channel.

Women’s protest action with books in Minsk metro. 2020. (Copyright holder could not be found).

Referenced art projects:

Nadya Sayapina, Solitary confinement 7.09.2020. From the the project “DOLLHOUSE”

Lesia Pcholka, Invisible Trauma

Nadya Sayapina, The Heritage. Performance, 1.07.2020, Art-Belarus Gallery. Screenshot of the video documentation